New PDF release: A Practical Approach to Motor Vehicle Engineering and Maint.

By A. Bonnick, D. Newbold

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This is called fluid friction and exists in the sliding bearings under certain conditions as it does in the crankshaft bearings. Note: The fact that the raft floats on the water is not the most important factor. When the water comes between the raft and the bed of the river the only force resisting the movement of the raft carrying the stone is the resistance caused by one particle of water sliding over another. This resistance is a lot less than the resistance of dry friction when an object is in direct contact with the solid ground (Fig.

It is this ring that removes the excess oil from the cylinder wall, passing it back to the sump through holes drilled in the oil control ring groove of the piston. This ring may be made up from a number of steel rails that have radiused chromium plated edges. A crimped spring fitted in the ring groove next to the piston expands the rails against the cylinder wall. This type are commonly fitted where the piston comes very close to the oil in the sump, Fig. 31 Piston ring The con-rod connects the piston to the crankshaft.

Accuracy is necessary to gain the best power output and economy from an engine. 11 Combustion in a petrol engine As the piston reaches TDC the fuel is ignited by the spark at the spark plug and the burning process of the mixture begins. As the gases rapidly expand the piston is forced down the cylinder on the power stroke. The speed of the flame front must not exceed the speed of the power stoke. 18 shows the combustion process occurring in a wedge-shaped combustion chamber of a petrol engine. 12 Combustion in a diesel engine Combustion in a petrol engine originates (begins) at the spark plug and then progresses across the combustion chamber in a controlled manner.

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A Practical Approach to Motor Vehicle Engineering and Maint. by A. Bonnick, D. Newbold


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