By B. R. Hergenhahn, Tracy Henley
Goals wondered early guy, Greek philosophers spun intricate theories to provide an explanation for human reminiscence and belief, Descartes postulated that the mind used to be choked with "animal spirits," and psychology used to be formally deemed a "science" within the nineteenth century. during this 7th variation of AN advent TO THE historical past OF PSYCHOLOGY, authors Hergenhahn and Henley reveal that almost all of the troubles of up to date psychologists are manifestations of issues which were a part of psychology for hundreds--or even thousands--of years. The book's various pictures and pedagogical units, besides its biographical fabric on key figures in psychology, interact readers and facilitate their knowing of every chapter.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to the History of Psychology (7th Edition)
Because of the postulated reciprocal influence between brain activity (body) and mental events (mind), this kind of emergentism represents interactionism. Nobel-prize winner Roger Sperry (1993), for example, advocated this kind of emergentism. Another form of emergentism that is not interactionist is epiphenomenalism. According to the epiphenomenalist, the brain causes mental events, but mental events cannot cause behavior. In this view, mental events are simply by-products (epiphenomena) of brain processes with no ability to exert any influence.
All scientific claims must be verifiable by any interested person. In science, there is no secret knowledge available only to qualified authorities. There are two general classes of scientific laws. One class is correlational laws, which describe how classes of events vary together in some systematic way. For example, exercise tends to correlate positively with health. With such information, only prediction is possible. That is, if we knew a person’s level of exercise, we could predict his or her health, and vice versa.
Absolutely not! ” (1963/2002a, p. 50) Popper used falsification as a demarcation between a scientific and a nonscientific theory but not between a useful and useless theory. Many theories in psychology fail Popper’s test of falsifiability either because they are stated in such general terms that they are confirmed by almost any observation or because they engage in postdiction rather than prediction. Such theories lack scientific rigor but are still often found to be useful. 9 Thomas Kuhn Until recently, it was widely believed that the scientific method guaranteed objectivity, and that science produced information in a steady, progressive way.
An Introduction to the History of Psychology (7th Edition) by B. R. Hergenhahn, Tracy Henley