Download e-book for kindle: Ancient Warfare: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short by Harry Sidebottom

By Harry Sidebottom

ISBN-10: 0192804707

ISBN-13: 9780192804709

Greek and Roman battle was once not like that of the other tradition ahead of or considering. the most important distinction is usually held to be that the Greeks and Romans practiced a "Western means of War," during which the purpose is an open, decisive battle--won by means of braveness instilled, partially, via self-discipline. right here, Harry Sidebottom seems to be at how this Western means of conflict used to be developed and maintained by way of the Greeks and Romans and why this idea is so general today.

All points of old war are completely examined--from philosophy and technique to the technical talents had to struggle. Sidebottom examines conflict within the wider context, exhibiting how wars have been capable of form classical society, and the way an individual's id was once occasionally built through battle, as in terms of the Christian soldier battling in God's identify. He additionally explores the ways that historic society considered clash: Can a warfare be simply? Why used to be siege struggle quite bloody? What function did divine intervention play within the final result of a conflict? Taking interesting examples from the iliad, Tacitus, and the Persian Wars, Sidebottom makes use of arresting anecdotes and extraordinary visible pictures to teach that any figuring out of old warfare is an ongoing strategy of interpretation.

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Additional resources for Ancient Warfare: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

Example text

Thus, their model raises a number factors affecting willingness to join which should be included in theories of joining, but it cannot explain late joining, the timing of joining, nor does it address how events within wars affect states’ estimates about the outcome of those wars. Given these existing theoretically driven explanations of the spread of war, a new theoretically driven, causal explanation is needed in order to understand the process of states joining ongoing wars in the modern era.

67 Richardson 1960. 68 Iklé 1964. 69 McEvedy 1972, 42. 70 This, however, is not a given. There are clearly cases in which a state, C, joining a war on the same side as state, A, actually hurts A. This may be because C’s participation opens up new avenues of attack that were not available when C was neutral, such as Romania in 1917, that C may have supply problems and would be a drain on A’s resources, such as Italy in 1940, or that the entry of C may lead to the entry of other states into the conflict against A or to the desertion of A’s allies, such as Israel if it had entered the 1990–91 Gulf War.

Haldi’s work does at least suggest that the causes of intervention changed significantly during the Napoleonic era and thus the 1816 cutoff used by this study and many others is not arbitrary, but is in fact substantively justified. In toto, however, Haldi’s work adds very little to our understanding of when states join ongoing wars. The final approach is that of Altfeld and Bueno de Mesquita (1979). They argue that rational states benefit from joining wars by mainly changing the probability one side will win.

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Ancient Warfare: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) by Harry Sidebottom

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